HÀ NỘI – Domestic e-vehicles will consume about 71.87 billion kWh by 2050 when the whole population will use 100 per cent e-bikes and 70 per cent e-automobiles, according to experts.
The comments were made during a seminar to discuss the future of e-vehicle development in Việt Nam held yesterday in Hà Nội.
Energy expert Nguyễn Quốc Khánh said the consumption was equivalent to 10 times the output of the Hòa Bình hydropower plant.
He said in the 2014-2020 period, some 5.14 million motorbikes and 255,000 cars were registered. Of this figure, the energy consumption for the traffic sector accounted for 21.4 per cent of the country’s total energy consumption in 2014, or an increase of 4.9 per cent between 2014-19. The emissions totalled 33.2 million tonnes, or 19.3 per cent of the country’s energy sector.
During the seminar, Khánh outlined three main scenarios for e-vehicle development.
In the first scenario, the number e-motorbikes will be low, mainly focusing on e-motorbikes with 18 per cent by 2030 and 40 per cent by 2050.
For the second scenario, the ratio of e-motorbikes will account for 34 per cent by 2030 and 65 per cent by 2050. And e-automobiles will account for 30 per cent by 2030; 70 per cent by 2050; e-buses 10 per cent by 2030; 30 per cent by 2050 and medium and light trucks will account for five per cent by 2030 and 30 per cent by 2050.
Khánh said with such scenarios, the power consumption demand will be huge. Of which, the electricity consumption for the transport sector will reach 3.99 billion kWh by 2030. This figure will reach 17.57 billion kWh by 2050.
Electric and battery safety is a must
Nguyễn Đức Tuyên of the University of Science and Technology said apart from Việt Nam’s automotive manufacturer (Vinfast)’s 200 charging stations, there was no infrastructure for e-vehicle development in Việt Nam. Vietnamese standards for the development of e-vehicles were not available.
To promote the development of e-vehicles in Việt Nam, it was essential to complete technical standards relating to electric safety for fast charging stations and battery systems. In addition, the Government needed to offer incentives for purchasing prices, charging costs, installation of charging stations and tariffs on high carbon emissions. Private e-vehicle lanes should also be developed, said Tuyên.
Sharing Tuyên’s view, Trần Quang Hà of the Ministry of Transport said that electrical and battery safety was a must for e-vehicles.
The country has worked out a plan to develop a battery standard by 2022. To invest and conduct testing in line with international standards is a problem, involving technical factors such as vibrations and the environment, according to industry insiders. – VNS